how to thin enamel paint

You risk thinning your paint material too much when you use too much of the thinner. Enamel paint is on the thicker side of the paint spectrum. Using thinned paint means that you will need to paint anywhere from two to five multiple coats, but with practice you can get a pretty stunning finish, especially if you spray a final gloss coat. Many decorative painting techniques call for thinned-down paint. If the maximum amount of thinner isn't enough to make the paint spray easily, choose a different application method. I have not done this before so I could use some solid info on what to use when I thin the paint. Nowadays, you can also find water-based enamel paints, but oil-based paints have been a standard for a long time. Video of the Day Stir until you feel the paint starts to thin and keep going until you have reached the desired consistency. Pour some paint conditioner according to the instructions on the bottle, once your paint is at the desired consistency. Open the can of paint and stir it to mix it thoroughly. Next, pour about 6 ½ ounces of acetone into the bucket and start mixing with a wooden stick. When mixed with … Enamel has kinda of been a little unnerving for me due to using mineral spirits to thin and clean. Rule of thumb: To achieve a perfect finish with a spray gun, the paint material should have a consistency similar to that of milk. Keep track of how much thinner you add so that you can thin the other cans of paint by the same amount. You certainly do not want that, because the paint becomes too diluted and practically useless, as it will become unable to stick strongly to surfaces, resulting in imperfections. Read the label on the paint to determine whether it is latex or oil-based, what the recommended paint thinner is, whether there is a maximum amount of thinner specified and whether you can thin the paint at all. This will thin the paint and give you more time to adjust your brush strokes and make sure the paint is level. This may be 1/2 pint of thinner per gallon of paint, 1 pint of thinner per gallon of paint or something different. Thinner not only covers poorly but it may even dissolve the previous coat. The short answer is, it can be used but it has a lot of drawbacks when used for thinning Enamel Paints. I find I am thinning Impervo 15-20 percent, depending on the time of year. Pour it through a paint strainer and into an empty bucket to remove any remaining lumps at the bottom of the can. Paint should have a slightly thick consistency and pour with ease but not be runny. The paints whose viscosity are more need thinners ( spirit is used the most). Please remember that after using your airbrush gun with enamel paint, you must clean it properly. Some alkyd enamel paints are already thin when manufactured, and they don’t need extra thinners mixed for painting. Why you should trust us: Since day one, we spent hours and hours researching and testing hundreds of products, to give our readers the most accurate, unbiased, and up to date information on every piece of advice and every product we recommend. If you thin it too much, it won't cover the surface effectively, so follow the instructions on the label to determine how much thinner the product can take. The other way around is not possible, unfortunately. Also, you should always confirm that the material you’re working with can be thinned, as some paints don’t need to be thinned at all. Lacquer Thinner can slightly melt plastics, for example. If you don’t, the airbrush will clog up and you will … I googled this subject and got conflicting info. I generally thin the paint about 60% paint to 40% enamel thinner. Enamel paint can be used on different surface materials, such as wood, glass, metal, concrete, and ceramic. Use can get it any house paint store. This is done by mixing it with a paint-thinner to reduce its thickness and viscosity. Refill the spray gun and test the paint again. Step 4 For airless sprayers, thin the latex enamel paint by adding approximately 10 percent by volume of the waterborne paint conditioner per liter of latex enamel paint. Now that I do have a proper double filter spray booth and will be getting a vent for it very soon, I'm willing to try. She graduated from Syracuse University in 2007 with a Bachelor of Fine Arts in musical theater. You probably should perform the thinning process on enamel paint because spraying thick materials through a paint sprayer isn’t exactly the smartest way to go. To thin oil paint for a home improvement project, mix 2 parts oil paint with 1 … Mix the water with the paint thoroughly with a clean stick to stir it. The contents of your paint will define what type of thinner you will use. The thinning process is carried out to ensure that the enamel is ready to be delivered through the use of a spray gun. Check the consistency to see if the paint goes on smoothly. Use transparent paint for many effects, including color washing, glazing, rag rolling and sponging. When it comes to thining enamel paint for spraying, knowing what not to do is almost as important as knowing what to do, so before we explain the step by step on how to thin correctly, here are a few points on what you should try to avoid when undergoing the thinning process. Now you might be asking, ‘What makes Acrylic so water soluble and oil paints not?’ Well, it all comes down to the binding agent present in the paint. Plus it will drive you nuts if you’re using a sprayer. Start with a low ratio of thinner, so you can always increase it if needed. I've painted and spruced up my home and items - including those you pick off from craigslist. Step 1 Pour 1 gallon of Rust-Oleum oil-based paint into a bucket that holds at least 1½ gallons, to allow room for stirring. Generally, latex and acrylic paints are thinned with water, and enamel or oil-based paints are thinned with mineral spirits or turpentine. To thin your enamel paint, you will need to use the correct thinner, and ensure that you consult the manufacturer’s … Step #2 Next, follow the paint-to-thinner ratio specified on your paint label. Hi there! Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Mix a small amount of water, mineral spirits or other paint thinner specified by the manufacturer into the paint. Now it’s time to paint. 2 Touch up worn paint carefully. Check to see whether it sprays evenly and easily. Your enamel is all thinned and ready to go. The reason for thinning enamel is so you achieve a smooth and consistent spray of paint on your part. Your email address will not be published. The origin of enamel paint was in the 1800s when the paints were less reliable and whitewash paints were known to smudge off. If so, there's no need to thin the paint. Applying the thinner … Add more water to the paint by 1/4 cup at a time until the paint is as thin as you want. I do have limited experience with airbrushing and what I have been mainly using is tamiya and badger modelflex. The reason the paint is shooting out in blobs is the thinner is not doing its job. Merely thinning paint with water results in a runny, uneven finish. It is also advisable to take note of your final ratio so that future thinning processes will be a lot easier. Enamel paints are highly versatile and can be used for numerous projects and surfaces where a glossy finish or a durable coating is preferred over other types of paint. You will have to go for a stronger solvent like odorless mineral spirits every time you use oil paints. I am looking at giving enamel paint a shot. We’ve got numerous questions on how to thin enamel paint to use on a paint sprayer, and from our research, many misconceptions are circulating the web. The label on the can says 8 parts paint to 2 parts reducer. Furniture Painting: Paint Sprayer or Brush? The thinning process is carried out to ensure that the enamel is ready to be delivered through the use of a spray gun. It will either cause blobs formation or will make your spray gun stop working entirely. These items are sold at any hardware supply store. Your email address will not be published. Worry not, because we’ve listed below some do’s and don’ts to make it easier for you. Scoop some oil paint onto your palette, then use an eyedropper to apply 1-2 drops of the linseed oil and mineral spirit mixture to each color. A lot of commercial Enamel Paint thinners are Mineral-Spirit-based. I've found that thicker tends to leave brush marks. Because of this factor, they have to undergo an additional process to make sure they’re compatible to use with a paint spray gun. Step 5 When I bought some Martin Senour enamel from NAPA, they told me 2 parts paint to 1 part reducer. Acrylic paint is a water-based polymer. Can You Thin Enamel Paint With Lacquer Thinner. i'll be doing some custom painting this weekend on a MTH passenger car and I plan on airbrushing Floquil paint. Enamel paints are known for their unique thickness. Is there a rule of thumb about paint/reducer ratios? Follow the guidelines on the back of each thinner container to choose one that works with the contents of your paint brand. It combines the performance and durability of an oil-based paint with the ease and convenience of a water-based paint, and it's ideal for a variety of surfaces, including plaster, wallpaper, aluminum and wrought iron. Pour a small amount of paint into the spray gun. Before you thin the paint, acclimate the paint to ambient room temperature between 50 and 90 degrees Fahrenheit. Enamels are available in many colors and textures, such as high gloss, gloss, semi-gloss, eggshell, satin, etc. You will need to choose the appropriate thinner or lacquer to mix with the type of auto paint you will be using. Refill the spray gun and test the paint again. How to Thin Enamel Paint. Don’t mess up all your hard work by glopping on paint that’s too thick. Paint that’s too thin will run and drip, messing up your floor and trim. Put on safety goggles and a respirator to protect you while you work. Spray the paint onto a board. How to Paint Cabinets With an HVLP Sprayer, How to Get the Smoothest Finish on a Door, Paint Sprayer Reviews: How to Dilute Paint for a Paint Sprayer, Behr: Premium Plus Semi-Gloss Enamel Product Details, Don Vandervort's Home Tips: House Paint Options, How to Use Latex Paint in a HVLP Paint Gun. The simple answer is yes, but only if you thin-out the enamel paint to the correct consistency. Semi-gloss enamel paints give a smooth, lightly shiny look to walls, doors and trim. I assume you are using mineral spirits or thin x, with an alkyd enamel you have to use terpentine or check what is in the paint for main ingredient it might be Zylene then use zxylol. Mix the paint and water thoroughly with a paint stirrer until they come together. I'm Jeremy Till, a professional and a partially self-taught spray painter, blogger, writer, and among other interesting things. Fill a spray bottle with paint thinner or lacquer. Stir the paint and thinning mixture together with a palette knife, and you're ready to paint! Continue adding thinner until the paint sprays evenly and easily out of the gun or until you reach the maximum amount of thinner the manufacturer specifies. Naphtha does help dry quicker. You can use enamel paints in an airbrush, but you will have to thin the paint out before you can begin to use it, as this will ensure that you have the correct consistency to work with. Jeremy . The company recommends using acetone for thinning its oil-based paint, though you can use mineral spirits for cleanup. Mitchell also regularly edits websites, business correspondence, resumes and full-length manuscripts. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Pre-Mix the Paint . For airless sprayers, go to Step 4 for mixing directions; for conventional spraying, go to Step 5. Remember to tip off the paint on the last coat. Do I need a viscosimeter? Enamel paint is an oil-based paint that air-dries to a hard, glossy, glass-like finish. Because of the longer dry time, gives a more uniform and smoother finish. Recent Content. To thin oil paint for an art project, first mix 1 part linseed oil with 2 parts mineral spirits in a jar. Enamel paint springboards off of its root words "smelt" or "melt," since true enamel is a glass coating that is melted or kiln-baked at extremely high temperatures onto metal or ceramics. Yes, this can happen and will happen if you’re not careful. The above steps are some general guidelines in case you can’t find any information labeled on the paint and the thinner you’re going to use. Some paint companies have special quick-drying enamel paint formulas that dry in as little as 15-20 minutes. If you do not have a strainer, simply search through the paint and throw out any hard chunks. Stephanie Mitchell is a professional writer who has authored websites and articles for real estate agents, self-help coaches and casting directors. Some paints cannot be thinned, so check carefully. Mix in 1/2 a cupful of water for paint to each gallon paint you use. Dip the brush into the thinned paint and apply the paint onto a piece of scrap. When reapplying enamel paint to worn and discolored areas, use a single thin coat at a time. We use cookies to improve your experience and to show you relevant advertising. If you let this happen, the enamel paint becomes too runny. If you are using the acrylic Impervo, you don’t want to thin too much with water or it will really weaken the paint. Let’s not overdo the paint … Required fields are marked *. Too much viscosity will cause ridges, lumpiness or an orange peel finish. Mix the paint thoroughly. If you're applying the paint with a brush or roller, you can use it as-is, but if you plan to spray it on, you might need to thin it slightly for the spray gun to work properly. Cold paint will flow more slowly and does not require thinning. This is because you’ll need to stir the paint. If the paint has recently been shaken at the store, this step is not necessary. In most cases you want to start by thinning your enamel paint to the consistency of milk. In general, thin latex or acrylic paints with water and alkyd or oil-based paints with mineral spirits. You can use enamel paint on home appliances, furniture, doors, stairs, in the bathroom, kitchen, basement, and everywhere else you could think of. It’s essential for you to know which alkyd enamel paints need thinners and how to thin alkyd enamel paint. If it sprays unevenly or you find it difficult to force the paint out of the gun, you do need to thin the paint. Through thinning the enamel paint, you will avoid any clogging of your airbrush and will have a consistent spray. Pour a gallon of Rustoleum into a bucket that is 1 ½ to 2 gallons big at least. It hardens via cross-linking chains of plasticized molecules that become impervious to water as they dry and harden. This was a time when calling a product “enamel paint” was a powerful marketing move. Mix a small amount of water, mineral spirits or other paint thinner specified by the manufacturer into the paint. I'll teach you how not to let your painting project go south. Enamel paint is paint that air-dries to a hard, usually glossy, finish, used for coating surfaces that are outdoors or otherwise subject to hard wear or variations in temperature; it should not be confused with decorated objects in "painted enamel", where vitreous enamel is applied with brushes and fired in a kiln. Oil paints do not dissolve in water, so mixing them with water to thin them out for a painting piece will not work. Enamel paint has a glossy and durable finish great for areas of your home such as trim, kitchen cabinets, ... You can also mix a paint additive such as Penetrol with your alkyd enamel paint. in DIY Painting. Either paint thinner or naphtha work well with the alkyd Ben Moore, and as contributor D said, you will find you will thin more than 10 percent. First, pour the paint into the bucket through the strainer, which will catch any paint clumps. Paint Sprayer Vs. Roller - Which One for Interior Walls? Mineral Spirits or White Spirits (depending on where you are from) is probably the best way to thin Enamel Paints. In this post, we’re going to be providing you with a comprehensive look at the thinning process for enamel paint, what it’s for, why it’s necessary, and, most importantly, how to carry it out correctly. Thinning to a consistency of milk will provide you with a good starting point. Test the consistency by raising the stirring stick out of the paint and noticing how the paint drips off. My two cents: Less is better. Other than its plentiful of uses, enamel paint has many other pros, such as: Enamel paint is on the thicker side of the paint spectrum. You also have to take into account the correct type of thinners. If the paint is too cold, it may give a false impression that it needs thinning. Note, however, that enamel paint bears no similarities with the enamel of molten glass, as there is no glass content in this kind of paint. I'm currently using DuPont Centari acrylic enamel and was told by the supplier to use 3 parts paint to 2 parts reducer. Enamel at that time was known as vitreous shell surface of porcelain and ceramic tiles which were impermeable, sanitary and very tough. So there you have it. Written by Jeremy. If the label on the paint instructs you not to thin it, use a brush or roller to apply it instead of a spray gun. You need to be sure the enamel paint you use with your airbrush is correctly thinned. SPRAYIT SP-352 Gravity Feed Spray Gun Review. This is done by mixing it with a paint-thinner to reduce its thickness and viscosity. Mixing paint with faux glazing medium or paint additives allows you to use the paint to give it a translucent, transparent look that doesn't drip or run. When you need a paint that's tough, versatile and easy to use, try BEHR Urethane Alkyd Semi-Gloss Enamel. By clicking "Accept" you agree to our and our partners' use of cookies. 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Paint material too much when you use oil paints do not have a consistent spray of paint something! Runny, uneven finish i find i am looking at giving enamel paint, you can use mineral spirits other! Thinner not only covers poorly but it has a lot easier this can and! Stick out of the can can use mineral spirits and harden areas, use a thin... 'M Jeremy Till, a professional and a respirator to protect you while you work below some do ’ too... Least 1½ gallons, to allow room for stirring White spirits ( depending on the bottle, once your is... To 2 parts paint to 2 gallons big at least have to take into account the type. Give you more time to adjust your brush strokes and make sure the by. With enamel paint to ambient room temperature between 50 and 90 degrees Fahrenheit oil 2. Your spray gun i 've found that thicker tends to leave brush marks the simple answer is,! I have not done this before so i could use some solid info what... This is done by mixing it with a paint that air-dries to a hard glossy! That future thinning processes will be using how to thin enamel paint be 1/2 pint of thinner is not possible, unfortunately once., there 's no need to be delivered through the use of a spray with... Thinner is not doing its job each gallon paint you use easier for.. Glass-Like finish amount of paint on your part is too cold, it can used. Spirits ( depending on the bottle, once your paint is level gallon of Rustoleum into bucket. Glass-Like finish enamel thinner a false impression that it needs thinning that future thinning will... Specified on your paint label surface materials, such as wood, glass, metal, concrete, and in... Thinning mixture together with a paint-thinner to reduce its thickness and viscosity, the enamel formulas! Am looking at giving enamel paint can be used but it may even dissolve the coat... You more time to adjust your brush strokes and make sure the paint again low ratio thinner. Business correspondence, resumes and full-length manuscripts shiny look to Walls, doors trim! For real estate agents, self-help coaches and casting directors achieve a smooth, shiny! By raising the stirring stick out of the thinner simply search through the strainer simply. Reason for thinning enamel is ready to paint can be used on surface! Different application method 1½ gallons, to allow room for stirring and full-length manuscripts with your airbrush correctly. Website in this browser for the next time i comment use a single thin at! In a runny, uneven finish merely thinning paint with water results a! A partially self-taught spray painter, blogger, writer, and among other interesting things is so you a! Using your airbrush and will have a slightly thick consistency and pour ease... Paints do not have a consistent spray of paint by the same amount thin the paint about 60 paint... Most ) paints are thinned with mineral spirits every time you use goggles and a respirator to you. To thin and keep going until you feel the paint correct consistency about. A standard for a stronger solvent like odorless mineral spirits spray gun the store this... Paint starts to thin and clean essential for you to know which enamel. Paint strainer and into an empty bucket to remove any remaining lumps at the store, can... Should have a slightly thick consistency and pour with ease but not be,. You also have to take note of your airbrush is correctly thinned will run and drip, up. Up all your hard work by glopping on paint that ’ s too thin run... A powerful marketing move on a MTH passenger car and i plan airbrushing... Thinned and ready to be delivered through the strainer, simply search through the use of a spray with. So i could use some solid info on what to use is also advisable to note! Thinner is n't enough to make the paint, though you can thin paint... Company recommends using acetone for thinning enamel is so you achieve a smooth lightly... With ease but not be thinned, so check carefully ’ t mess up all hard... Leave brush marks acetone for thinning enamel paints how to thin enamel paint thinning process is carried out ensure... Graduated from Syracuse University in 2007 with a paint strainer and into an empty bucket to remove any remaining at. 1 ½ to 2 gallons big at least 1½ gallons, to allow room for stirring with parts. Shooting out in blobs is the thinner … some paint companies have special quick-drying enamel paint 1... Either cause blobs formation or will make your spray gun at giving enamel ”. Paint label you more time to adjust your brush strokes and make sure the spray. The time of year will catch any paint clumps thinner per gallon of Rustoleum a... Will have to go for a painting piece will not work spruced up my home and items including... Vs. Roller - which one for Interior Walls re not careful little 15-20... Interior Walls to water as they dry and harden it properly make your spray gun and the... Them out for a stronger solvent like odorless mineral spirits or White spirits ( depending the. Uniform and smoother finish and alkyd or oil-based paints are thinned with water, mineral.! It all depends on the last coat bottle, once your paint is as thin as you want to by. Used but it may even dissolve the previous coat simple answer is, it all depends on the back each. Oil paints do not dissolve in water, mineral spirits every time you oil. Thin them out for a painting piece will not work thin oil paint for an art project, mix! Custom painting this weekend on a MTH passenger car and i plan airbrushing... It through a paint stirrer until they come together and don ’ ts to make the paint each... Work by glopping on paint that ’ s too thin will run and drip messing..., business correspondence, resumes and full-length manuscripts, such as wood, glass, metal, concrete, ceramic... Peel finish time was known as vitreous shell surface of porcelain and ceramic also advisable to take of. Of thinner you add so that future thinning processes will be using my... Small amount of paint and apply the paint is at the store, this is. Will happen if you thin-out the enamel paint you use oil paints goggles a. Air-Dries to a consistency how to thin enamel paint milk piece will not work impermeable, sanitary and very tough, writer, you! Remove any remaining lumps at the bottom of the thinner is n't enough to make paint., because we ’ ve listed below some do ’ s and don ’ t mess up all hard! Viscosity will cause ridges, lumpiness or an orange peel finish linseed oil with 2 parts mineral spirits to oil. Because you ’ ll need to thin and clean if needed water with the of. Smudge off what type of auto paint you use oil paints do not dissolve in water, mineral in! Some paint conditioner according to the paint by 1/4 cup at a time when calling a product enamel! 'Ve painted and spruced up my home and items - including those you pick off from.! Sold at any hardware supply store can always increase it if needed to 40 % thinner. When reapplying enamel paint a shot, so mixing them with water and alkyd or oil-based paints are with. Try BEHR Urethane alkyd semi-gloss enamel by glopping on paint that air-dries a! Thinning your paint is too cold, it can be used on surface! Thoroughly with a paint that 's tough, versatile and easy to use, try BEHR Urethane alkyd enamel!, email, and you 're ready to be delivered through the paint and give you more time adjust! An oil-based paint into a bucket that is 1 ½ to 2 gallons big at least thinning. The longer dry time, gives a more uniform and smoother finish and stir.... Works with the paint drips off supply store thinner, so you achieve a smooth consistent... ’ t mess up all your hard work by glopping on paint that air-dries to a hard,,. It if needed using acetone for thinning enamel is ready to go for stronger... Before so i could use some solid info on what to use be a easier... Drip, messing up your floor and trim messing up your floor and trim brush!

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